The vineyards and wines of the Valais
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Varieties of red vines  
  Cornalin

 
This is a late-maturing vine and it is imperative to plant it where it has the best exposure. Its belated maturity and its tendency to alternate yields resulted in a condiderable decrease in its cultivation towards the middle of the 20th century. Of recent, the variety is regaining popularity and is being increasingly planted. It cannot be relied upon to mature well every year. Its yield must absolutely be controlled and must on no account exceed 1 kg/m2. During vinification, the wine takes on an intense purplish-red colour. It is delicately fruity, and contains some slightly coarse tannins in its youth; after some years, it acquires a harmony that makes it a remarkably original wine. According to a document in the official archives of Anniviers dating from 1313, the name of this vine originates from Cornelian, a precious stone well known by jewellers.
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