The vineyards and wines of the Grisons
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The vineyards and their regions  
  Vineyards
With 320 ha of cultivated vines (without Mesolcina), the canton of Grisons is the tenth biggest viticultural region of Switzerland. 80 % of the canton’s production is cultivated in the Churer Rheintal. The main viticultural region of the "Herrschaft" includes the parishes of Fläsch, Maienfeld, Jenins and Malans.
The region of Mesolcina belongs to the canton of Grisons. However, due to its geographical orientation, its vineyards and production are closer to the ones of the Ticino. The production of the various vines cultivated there (Merlot and Hybride Rouge) is delivered mainly to the Ticino.
The region of Poschiavo is oriented towards Italy and cultivates only very small plots with vines.
Climate
Situated at about 600 m altitude, the vineyards of the Grisons are influenced by the Foehn, more than any other vineyard in the Alpine regions of Switzerland. The Foehn is a dry and cold wind that warms up as it blows down to the plain.
This vineyard is subjected to the winter and spring frost. The average annual temperature is around 8º C. This is the Alpine vineyard that gets most of the rain.
Soil
In the region of the Churer Rheintal the vines are cultivated on cones formed by ejections of glaciers that are called "Rüfen".
© Winecity : Le portail des vins suisses (vignobles, cépages, caves, vins) Credits Winecity