Vineyards and wines in the canton of Ticino
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The vineyards and their regions  
  Vineyards
The Ticino is the forth most important vineyard of Switzerland after the Valais, Vaud and Geneva. The vines on terraces are practically all mechanised for their exploitation.
This vineyard of 1200 ha is divided into two big regions: the Sopraceneri in the North with 640 ha and the Sottoceneri in the South with 560 ha. The valley of Mesolcina (50 ha) is actually in the canton of Grisons but is attributed to the Ticino vineyards because of its geographical situation.
Climate
Very much influenced by the close Mediterranean Sea, the climate of the Ticino is different from the other main vineyards of Switzerland that undergo the influence of the Alps. The Ticinese climate is characterised by a very high number of hours of sunshine and by heavy rains in the spring. However it is more exposed than other regions to hail and the average annual temperature is around 12º C.
Soil
The Monte Ceneri divides the vineyard into two parts. In the North (Sopraceneri), the soil is granitic because of the very close Alpine Massif. There is hardly any lime-stone; the soil is sandy, acid, light and very porous.In the South (Sottoceneri), lime-stone predominates, the soils are more alkaline and there is also clay.
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